Terms like Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) are hot topic of technical debate nowadays, That’s because we’re finally moving towards the future where machines will become capable of understanding complex things and will work similarly like a human being does.
While some may think of it as a blessing, but others think that its not good for humanity. And this is the reason why Artificial intelligence is one of the hot-topic of debate.
Among all this, debate battle between Elon Musk & Mark Zuckerberg has grabbed attention of people all over the world, where Elon Musk believes, AI is something that won’t be good for humanity, while on the other hand, Mark believes that it will help progress humanity.
So in the end, what is the answer? Will Artificial Intelligence become a blessing or curse? Let’s discuss this from a neutral point of view.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
In layman’s term, Artificial Intelligence is a way of making a machine think intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent human think. That machine maybe a computer, a software or a robot.
One of the best example, i think everyone knows, when it comes to artificial intelligence, is the operating system J.A.R.V.I.S and F.R.I.D.A.Y from Iron Man Series and Avengers II movie. Where Tony Stark used his computer to do the most of the complex job that he is not capable of doing.
His computer was behaving just like another human. And now with the Neural Network & Machine Learning technology we’re getting closer to the technology what we call today is – The artificial intelligence.
Why there is a need for AI in the future?
AI gives machine intelligence to work, that means machine can track small details and can adjust the procedure of working according to the situation and give accurate results. In other words, it makes machine capable do things that they we’re not capable of doing before, like having a natural language processing and conversation or understanding the roads, traffic and environment to make the car move accordingly.
For example – Application developed using Machine learning can help doctors show irregularities inside human body or may help detecting disease before its too late. Apple is already utilizing that in their products like Apple watch or iPhone.
Similar kind of detailed tracking and work adjustment will improve analytical data of any business that may help that particular business in their growth, Just like Google & Facebook. Complex problems and equations behind any technology can be handled easily and there are many other example of AI being useful to humanity.
Usefulness just like this indicates that humanity may need artificial intelligence.
Can Artificial Intelligence can really be threat to humans?
When you teach a machine to think intelligently, that means that the machine will also become capable of taking intelligent decisions. Problem is, that we still don’t know whether that the decision taken will be good or bad.
The whole decision making process inside human is handled by the balance of logic and emotions, we’re capable of thinking logically and emotionally, but machines on the other hand aren’t capable of such thing because their thinking and decision making mechanism is handled by logic only. The emotions are completely neglected, and that’s why emotion based decisions that we humans normally take, machines can’t do the same.
Human’s decision making mechanism works on the balance of logic and emotions, however, we despite having that kind of balance are not able to execute that mechanism perfectly. So Artificial intelligence which lacks the emotional parameter will make even more errors when it comes to decision making.
What Elon musk and Late Stephen Hawking warned us about is that particular thing about decision making. One thing we can do to stop this is make use of artificial intelligence limited to data driven work like the Analytics and Graph, instead of using it for high level work, such as, self-driving cars.
But even so, if we do try to limit the work of artificial intelligence till analytics, will it keep itself limited to that particular area?. Since, the machine is learning, learning invites growth and sometimes growth can bring unexpected changes. Hence, we can come to conclusion that artificial intelligence can become threat to humans.
While we call can see the positive aspects of Artificial intelligence, at the same time we can picture the negative aspects of artificial intelligence, which gives us the conclusion that the technology will still remain volatile and not matter how far we try to make it intelligent or how far we try to develop it.
So does that mean we should stop researching on this technology?
The Artificial intelligence technology is exciting as well as scary, but it doesn’t mean that we should stop researching, sure Artificial intelligence will be threat to humans, but we don’t know when it will happen, it may take 10 years or 50 years from now and this unknown time-window allows us to continue research. However, we should also keep ourselves in limit, so that we can stop when the time comes.